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Southern Mongolia

The southern Mongolia is part by desert, desert steppe, and steppe areas with low mountains. The Gobi is mostly gravelly, but also contains open steppe, thereafter barren terrain of Gobi with ever receding skyline.

Ekhiin Gol – Shinejinst

Location: 1070 km southwest of Ulaanbaatar in the Shinejinst soum of Bayankhongor province

Features: Ekhiin Gol is the fertile oasis and the hottest spot in Mongolia, situated in the subzone of extremely arid deserts (average annual precipitation is 20-50 mm) of Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area. Based on its pleasant natural conditions the area is used to grow vegetables and fruit, especially melons and tomatoes. Another importance of the area is the most endangered animal Mazaalai, the Gobi Bear still lives here and around, though only an estimated 25 are left. The wide stretched horizon and a huge sky overhead, the sunset and starlit night, and the magnificent sunrise are classic desert scene of the area. Various rare plants densely grow along the oasis, covers an area of 17 km in length and 5km in width, makes the Ekhiin Gol is ideal as Taiga in the middle of Gobi desert.

Activities: Exploring rare animals and wildlife of the Gobi, camel riding trek

Natural and cultural sites around: Segs Tsagaan Bogd Mountain (90 km), Nogoon Tsav (80 k

Segs Tsagaan Bogd – Sninejinst

Location: 1160 km southwest of Ulaanbaatar in the Shinejinst soum of Bayankhongor province

Features: The rich wildlife including rare and endangered species such as Mazaalai, Gobi’s brown bear, wild ass – Khulan, wild camel – Khavtgai, mountain goat ibex – Yangir, wild mountain sheep – Argali, snow leopard – Irves live around “Paradise” of the Gobi desert, the sacred mountain Segs Tsagaan Bogd Khairkhan. Besides rare animals there are various species of medical herbs, pray birds, ancient petroglyphs, dinosaur fossils and fossilized trees found in and around the mountain. So the area is registered in world heritage with its hidden treasures in the Great Gobi Strictly protected area.

Activities: Exploring rare animals, cultural and natural galleries of the Gobi and trekking

Natural and cultural sites around: Ekhiin Gol (90 km), Nogoon Tsav (170 km), Zuun Mod oasis (190 km), Khermen Tsav (170 km

Khermen Tsav – Gurvantes

Location: 960 km southeast of Ulaanbaatar in the Gurvantes soum of Umnugobi province

Features: This is one of the famous paleontological sites in the world by its findings of dinosaur fossils. It is almost unexplored and well kept area with mysteries and treasures of the ancient life. The landscape and the beautiful formations of the area create the most spectacular canyon (15 km in length) in the world is Khermen Tsav.

Activities: Exploring paleontological sites of dinosaur fossils and unique formation of Gobi landscape

Natural and cultural sites around: Ekhiin Gol (90 km), Zulganai (40 km), Bugiin Tsav (80 km), Segs Tsagaan Bogd (170 km)

Khermen tsav-TourMongolia

Zulganai – Gurvantes

Location: 920 km southeast of Ulaanbaatar in the Gurvantes soum of Umnugobi province

Features: This beautiful oasis fed by water source of Zulganai river that starts from the West Altan Mountain and flows to the west and dissolves into the sand. Along the Zulganai River there is beautiful dense Gobi forest formed with tough species include cane and willow. Height of canes reaches 3 meters, so it can hide completely a man on the camel back. The area plays important role for keeping the survival balance of the wildlife and vegetation in the region.

Activities: Exploring special & rich biological life formed in the Gobi oasis

Natural and cultural sites around: Khermen Tsav (40 km), Bugiin Tsav (43 km), Altan Mountain (20 km)

Zulagnain river- TourMongolia

Khamriyn Khiid & Shambala

Location: 500km southeast of Ulaanbaatar in the Sainshand soum of Dornogobi province

Features: The Uvurbayasgalant Khamriyn Khiid Monastery was established in the 1818 by famous 19th century Mongolian educator and literary figure Danzanravjaa, Dogshin Noyon Khutagt of the Gobi – “Terrible Noble Saint of the Gobi”. The Monastery was an important centre of the Buddhist “red sect” and was unique in 19th century Mongolia as a place where women were accorded greater respect and privileges than men. Reflecting these liberal attitudes Danzanravjaa composed the song Ulemjiin Chanar (Quality of Greatness) – which remains popular today – in praise of a woman’s qualities.
To the north of the monastery are a series of caves where monks were practiced yogic exercises and meditate in isolation for 108 days at a time, hardening their bodies whilst expanding their physical and spiritual powers. At its peak Khamar Monastery consisted of four main sections – East Khuree, west Khuree, Tsokhon. and Duinkher – comprising four colleges (Datsan) and the children’s school, more than eighty temples, and a resident population of over five hundred lamas. The monastery was completely destroyed by the military in 1938 during Mongolia’s religious purge and re-established in 1990s on the initiative and support of local people and religious community.
The most interesting part of ancient Khamriyn Khiid was Khoid Shambala (northern paradise), the sacred place for Mongolian people. Nowadays many people visit the Shambala in order to become pure and recover from illness by having the energy of the area.

Khamar Manestry-TourMongolia

Activities: Meditating in the energetic place, exploring cultural and paleontological sites, trekking

Natural and cultural sites around: Ergeliin Zoo Nature reserve (184 km), Tsagaan Tsav (118 km), Dalai Sand (30 km), Burdene Bulag Oasis (80 km)

Demchigiyn Khiid & Energy center

Location: 600 km south of Ulaanbaatar in the Khanbogd soum of Umnugobi province

Features: The Demchig Monastery is one of the three monasteries called Galbiyn Three Monasteries, built by Danzanravjaa, the Saint Lord of Gobi. It was destroyed during the Stalinist purges, in the 1930. There is a large deposit of alkaline granite very close to the monastery, is believed to be the world’s largest deposit of alkaline granite. So it makes the area as special as known the World Energy Center with its huge natural energy. Mongolian people worship the area and the monastery is nowadays reconstructing.

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Activities: Meditating in the energetic place, exploring cultural and natural sites, trekking

Natural and cultural sites around: Cave of wealth (15 km), Gurvan Zeerd Cave (60 km), Suikhent-Petrified forest (94 km), Great Gobi Strictly protected area (85 km)

Please see other  destinations’ info by below links.

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